Is sleep nothing more than a mode to help keep your brain circuits healthy? Who knows…? However, one thing is for sure – having a good night’s sleep is very beneficial for your body. This guide if your ultimate insomnia health guide.
Insomnia Health Guide
Having adequate sleep is crucial for your health and wellbeing. When a person has insomnia, it makes it hard for them to fall asleep. They may also have difficulties staying asleep despite having the opportunity to sleep adequately. Insomnia is a disorder that affects the sleeping patterns of an individual. It manifests in form of difficulty falling asleep, awakening at night, waking up too early, and having daytime tiredness and sleepiness.
Insomnia can affect one’s ability to accomplish daily activities. It tends to deplete energy levels, interferes with mood, and causes poor health. When you have insomnia, it may affect your work performance and the quality of life you lead. While people may require different durations to have adequate sleep, in most cases, adults need about seven to eight hours of a good night sleep.
At some point in life, you may experience insomnia. Some people have chronic insomnia while others have acute insomnia. It may be a primary problem but at other times, it is a secondary problem meaning there may be other underlying causes of the disorder.
What are the causes of insomnia?
A number of things may lead to insomnia including stress, depression, anxiety, change in environment, and medical conditions. When people have concerns about their health, school, work or family, they become stressed. They try to keep their mind active at night instead of relaxing and having their sleep. This makes it difficult to sleep.
People who encounter stressful life events for example, divorce, job loss, or death and illness of a loved one may find themselves suffering from insomnia. When a person is depressed, either they sleep too much or they have trouble having sleep. When you have anxiety disorders like posttraumatic stress disorder, your sleep patterns may be interrupted. Poor sleep habits like an uncomfortable environment could result in insomnia. Taking stimulants like alcohol, nicotine and caffeine may also attribute to this sleep disorder.
What are the symptoms of insomnia
People who have insomnia will show a number of symptoms. The symptoms may vary from one individual to another but the most common ones are problems with sleep where a patient does not fall asleep at night. An individual may remain awake during the night or they wake up too early. Even after having a night’s sleep, one may not feel relaxed and rested.
It is common to for an individual with this disorder to experience daytime tiredness and sleepiness. Other symptoms associated with insomnia are tension headaches, difficult paying attention, and increased errors or accidents.
Insomnia tends to become more common as a person ages. At old age, a person may have changes in sleep patterns, activity, and health, which may have effects on their ability to fall or stay asleep.
Treatment of insomnia
A patient suffering from insomnia can get relieve and manage their sleep patterns by assuming changes in their lifestyle. Addressing the cause of insomnia for example, medical conditions may help restore restful sleep. Doctors may recommend medications if the change in lifestyle and sleep habits do not work out.
Behavioral therapies help teach people how to improve their sleep. Prior to using medications to treat insomnia, doctors will try other therapies that are regarded as the first line of treatment for this disorder. For instance, cognitive behavioral therapy can help you eliminate negative thoughts that may be inducing wakefulness during time of sleep. Relaxation technique can also help to reduce anxiety, a common symptom and cause of insomnia.
While doctors may not recommend that patients rely on prescription and OTC medicines to treat insomnia, it may be an option if other lenient therapies are not helping. Medications like zolpidem and eszopiclone can be administered to help a patient get sleep. There are over the counter drugs that contain antihistamines to make one drowsy. However, medicines like antihistamines can reduce quality of sleep because of their side effects.
Patients should discuss the use of medicines in treating insomnia with their doctor to weigh out the benefits over the possible side effects. In addition to these treatment therapies, people who have insomnia may want to adjust their lifestyles to promote good sleep. For example, they can exercise their body and remain active. Exercising the body improves sleep. One may also want to limit having naps because they can interfere with sleep. Sticking to sleep schedule may be another way to help promote sleep.